Ruling on smoking in Islam

UPDATE: After thinking and studying more about this topic, many have been saying that the ruling of smoking is in fact Makrooh and not fully “Haram”. The article bellow is from the site, IslamQA but they have their own view on this topic. Either ways the post bellow contains of reasons why Smoking can really be harmful and what it can do to us, as a Muslim.

MV: Everyone,

Today i will be talking about harmful and beneficial acts. I was at a Masjid in Richmond Hill on Friday for a Khutbah (speech or lecture) and I thought this was very interesting. The Masjid is located at 124-07 Jamaica Ave. The Khatib (person giving the Khutbah) was talking about how acts of harmful consequences are Haram. In the Quran and the Sunnah, there is no evidence of it being Haram directly. But, if you look at the hadith: “Whatever is harmful to the enviroment or to anyone, than it is forbidden in Islam” (). This means that if something will harm you, anyone, or the environment directly or indirectly, then it is Haram. An example the Khatib gave was of smoking. Smoking is harmful to your health, your wealth, and others around you. If you smoke you hurt yourself by wasting money and damaging your body.

The question below was provided by http://www.islam-qa.com

Q: Is smoking cigarettes Haraam?

Praise be to Allah and peace and blessings be on His Prophet SAWS.

Smoking is one of the things which has caused a lot of problems and harm these days and it has spread like wild fire. Before we discuss this topic in detail, we should know that Allaah the Almighty has divided things in the world into two types, good or permissible (al-tayyibaat, al-halaal) and evil or prohibited (al-khabaa’ith, al-haraam), and there is no third type. Allah says (interpretation of the meaning) in surat al-A’raaf (7:157):

“And He makes good things halaal for them and bad things haraam.”

Considering this fact, smoking can either be permissible and good or prohibited and evil.

Thus, we present some of its characteristics and let the person asking the question see himself in which type lies smoking.

There is no disagreement among the physicians and sane people that smoking is harmful for health. It is one of the major causes of lung cancer and other diseases. It is also one of the major causes of death. Since, it is known that the Islamic law prohibits everything that is harmful for a human being. Allah said (interpretation of meaning):

“Do not kill yourself. Allah is Merciful unto you.” (Surat al-Nisaa’ 4:29)

In addition, His Prophet SAWS (peace be upon him) said:

“There is no harm or causing of harm (in Islaam).” (Arabic “laa darar wa laa diraar”)

He SAWS (peace be upon him) also said:

“A person will not be able to move on the Day of Judgment until he is asked about … his body as to what he engaged it in.”

Smoking also goes against the saying of the Prophet SAWS:

“Your body has a right on you.”

There is no disagreement among the physicians and sane people that smoking is harmful for the health of others who inhale the polluted breath of the smoker. Medical research has proven the harmful effects of smoking mothers on their children. The offensive smell caused by smoking is a source of pain to the worshippers of Allah among humans and angels. The angels are offended and suffer from the same things that the human beings suffer from. Allah said (interpretation of the meaning):

“Those who cause harm to believing men and women without any reason do a great sin.” (Surat al-Ahzaab, 33:58)

The money that is spent on cigarettes is used on buying a harmful thing and is therefore an extravagance. Allah said (interpretation of the meaning):

“… and do not be extravagant wasters. Those who are extravagant are kinsmen of Satan.” (Surat al-Israa’ 17:26-27)

Extravagance (in Islam) means spending on something haraam.

Spending money on cigarettes is a waste of resources as well. The Prophet SAWS (peace be upon him) said:

“A person will not be able to move on the Day of Judgment until he is asked about ….. what he owned as to how he spent it.”

Considering all that has been presented, it can be clearly seen that smoking is an evil among many others. It is not permissible to indulge in it, or buy and sell it, or even to offer it to others. It is incumbent on a person who is addicted to it that he must make all efforts and get whatever necessary treatment to stop it. If the unbelievers have understood the harm caused by smoking and made laws regarding it, the Muslims should be even more eager to stop it and treat those who are addicted to it.

We ask Allah the Almighty to cure everyone indulging in this evil and help him in giving it up. Allah is the Best Guide to the Right Path.

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8 thoughts on “Ruling on smoking in Islam

  1. my fellow brothers, Each of these ayas talk about what hurts you is bad but by this logic breathing is bad. if you breathe air you can breathe in germs and that can cause you to get the flu. Also none of the ayas except for one says that it is a sin. That ayat is vague. By saying stuff are haram without a clear description is a great sin. Smoking only shortens the life it does not kill it. drugs do, drugs are haram. yes to smoke is disliked by the prophet but not haram.

  2. Jazakullah khair to the above poster for pointing that out.

    As you pointed out, the ayyats can prove that breathing is haraam. But in regards to those ayyats, this hadith should be taken upon,

    And the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “Allaah has forgiven my ummah for mistakes and forgetfulness and what they are forced to do.”. Narrated by Ibn Maajah in his Sunan, Kitaab al-Talaaq, 2043; classed as saheeh by al-Albaani in Saheeh Ibn Maajah, 1662, 1664.

    Breathing in germs is accidental and not purposely done. As for Smoking, it is mostly done intentionally and is requires the use of money which then goes to waste.

  3. that does not mean it is haram. to be haram means to be forbidden and that is only decided by Allah.

  4. To the above poster^

    Most of the scholars in the past made smoking Makro. But in the recent years studies have concluded that Smoking is harmful to the body and the environment, because of this, the scholars have concluded that smoking haram.

    Regardless of that fact, as you say haram is forbidden which on Allah (SWT) can decide. In this ayyut:

    “Do not kill yourself. Allah is Merciful unto you.” (Surat al-Nisaa’ 4:29)

    Smoking is in fact like killing killing yourself but over time.

    Also
    “Those who cause harm to believing men and women without any reason do a great sin.” (Surat al-Ahzaab, 33:58)

    Smoking is harmful to other believers as they can inhale the tobacco.

    And finally
    “… and do not be extravagant wasters. Those who are extravagant are kinsmen of Satan.” (Surat al-Israa’ 17:26-27)

    Smoking is indeed a waste of money because, it requires you to use a lot of money which could be spent on the poor.

    And Allah (SWT) knows best.

  5. scholars do not decide if smoking is haram Allah does. these ayahs are very vague and apply to almost anything. that makes islam complicated. Do you have any other details to enlighten me with?

  6. To Muslim Brother and Saad

    this topic is a very big topic and for us at this site to talk about it is wrong. we are not scholars or have a vast knowledge of the Quran to understand it. One of you are right but let one believe what he believes and you believe what you believe.

  7. To the above poster^

    You are right in that the scholars do not decide if smoking is haraam, but then how can you say that your decision is right? The ayyats are although vague but thats why we have to rely on people that understand the Quran better, Scholars. If the ayyats can apply to anything then can you explain how the ayyats can not apply to smoking?

    To Tahab^
    Yes although this topic is very big, the article was taken from a trusted Islamic site, islamqa.com, most of the info that I posted above was a collaboration of the article.

    And Allah (SWT) knows best.

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