Note: Originally the picture of Musjid Al-Asqa was different because we had mistaken it as Masjid al-Syakrah. The new picture of the video is the actual picture of the Musjid. I have also added a view inside the Musjid. Jazakullah khair to Red Onion for pointing that out.
MV: As we all know we all pray salaat five times a day, but do we know how it came down to be five times a day? Well, the Prophet Muhammad(PBUH) made a journey one night from Masjid al Haraam in Mecca to Masjid al Aqsa in Jerusalem. This was his ascension; there are two parts to this ascension.
The prophet Muhammad made his journey on a very fast horse named Buraq. This steed was used by many other Prophets (PBUT) and was given to the Prophet Muhammad(PBUH) by the angel Jib’rail. When he arrives in Masjid al Aqsa, or the Farthest Mosque, he goes to the al-Buraq wall and leads the prophets of Abrahamic descent in prayer. After the prayer, two glasses were brought to Muhammad(PBUH): One was filled with wine and the other with milk. Muhammad(PBUH) only drank from the glass containing milk. Jibreel then said “Oh Muhammad, you enjoy what is pure and keep away from what is impure. Surely you will guide your people to the path of Allah.” After that the Prophet Muhammad(PBUH) continued to the second part of his journey,Mi’raj.
during Mi’raj he goes up to the circle of heavens. Here he talks to the prophets who came before him like Isa(PBUH), Ibrahim (PBUH) and Musa(PBUH). Then Jibreel takes him up to Allah(SWT). Allah tell Muhammad that he and his people have to pray 200 times a day. The prophet agrees with that. On his way down he tells Musa that he and his people have to pray 200 hundred times a day. Musa says that its too much and you should lower it. The prophet agrees and goes back up. Then Allah lowers it to 100 and Musa still say that is too much. After one more trip the prophet comes down with 50 and Musa says that its too much and you should lower it. after a couple of more trips the Prophet comes down with 5 prayers and Musa says that its too much and you should lower it, but this time the prophet doesn’t agree. He says that 5 times is enough and he asked Allah for too much already. That is the story behind praying 5 times a day.
After Muhammad returned to Earth and told his story in Mecca, the unbelieving townspeople thought he was crazy. Some went to Muhammad’s companion Abu Bakr and said to him, “Look at what your companion is saying. He says he went to Jerusalem and came back in one night.” Abu Bakr then replied, “If he said that, then he is truthful. I believe him concerning the news of the heavens, that an angel descends to him from the heavens. How could I not believe he went to Jerusalem and came back in a short period of time,when these are on earth?” It was for this that Abu Bakr is said to have received his famous title “As-Siddiq”, The Truthful.