MV: As its the holly Month of Ramadan, how many of you guys recite Quran? How many of you guys know that you are reading it correctly? Well the Quran is not your simple “Alif” “Ba” “Taa”. There is more to the Quran than most people know. For example there are 7 rules of Tajweed, or correct recitation of the Quran. There are also certain ways to pronounce the letters like from the tongue or the nasal and etc.
( Noon Mushaddad and Meem Mushaddad)- Whenever you come across a Noon or Meem with a Shadda/Tashdeed, you must make ghunna.
The ghunnah is defined as: a nasal sound that is emitted from the nose. This is a required characteristic of the and. The ghunnah cannot be separated from these two letters and is an inherent part of their makeup.
The ghunnah is not a letter but a characteristic of these two letters, but it has its own distinct place of articulation.
The ghunnah is articulated from : the hole in the nose that continues back towards inside the mouth.
It is a nasal sound coming from the nasopharynx without any influence from the tongue. If you hold your nose closed you will not be able to produce the ghunnah sound, but the letters themselves that have this associated sound with them are not articulated from the nose.
ت ث ج د ذ ز س ش ص ض ط ظ ف
Slightly “hide” the “N” sound of the Noon Saakin and Tanween, and lengthen it slightly.
If after the Noon Saakin or Tanween any of the letters of appear:
idghaam will be done. Idghaam means to combine the “N” sound of the Noon or tanween with the following letter.
Whenever you come across the letters Qaaf, Taa, Baa, Jeem, Daal in the state of sukoon or at the end of the verses in the state of Waqf (stopping) an echoing sound is pronounced.
When the noon saakin or tanween is followed by any of the Huroof Halaqee, meaning the six letters that are pronounced from the throat, izhar will take place. Izhar means to pronounce the “N” sound of the noon saakin or tanween WITHOUT stretching it. The huroof halaqi are:
ءه ع ح غ خ
If there is a letter BAA after the Noon Saakin or Tanween, Iqlaab will take place. Iqlaab means to change the sound of a Noon Saakin or tanween (“N” sound) into a meem. The sound will also be stretched into a Ghunna. Usually there is a little meem to signify this change. Examples:
There are two rules related to Meem Saakin. Meem saakin means that Meem which has a sukoon/jazm on it.
1. Ikhfa. Whenever there is a meem saakin followed by a Baa, ikhfa will be done. The sound of the meem will not be completely pronounced, and the sound will be lengthened. Example:
وَمَا هُم بِمُؤْمِنِينَ
2. Izhar. If there is ANY other letter other than Meem, the meem will be pronounced completely, and the sound will NOT be lengthened. Example:
وَلَهُمْ عَذَابٌ عظِيمٌ
And to top it off…I have added a nice video by a nice Muslim Brother of how to pronounce the letters of Tajweed, so you can learn even better inshAllah.